Pigment ink jet printing
Pigment inkjet printing uses an ink composed of organic material encapsulated in microscopic resin bubbles. This technique, combined with the size of the particles and the many other ingredients that go into the composition of the inks, makes the prints resistant to weathering and guarantees a beautiful intensity of colours and tones.
While the basic colours are cyan, magenta and yellow, combined with black, the range of colours is now very rich, and the most advanced plotters can use up to twelve different inks! The use of these multiple tones makes it possible to obtain a colour range far superior to that of traditional four-colour printing.
First step of the printing process, the files are prepared in a software that drives the printer: the RIP, or "Raster Image Processor". It allows to analyse the visuals, to define the enlargement rate and quality, to manage the colorimetry and to assemble the visuals together. Indeed, as the paper is packaged in rolls of 150 cm wide for the largest ones, the small formats are nested to optimize the use of the support.
Pigment inkjet printing uses an ink composed of organic material encapsulated in microscopic resin bubbles. This technique, combined with the size of the particles and the many other ingredients that go into the composition of the inks, makes the prints resistant to weathering and guarantees a beautiful intensity of colours and tones. - Pictoonline.fr
By Eric Zhu - Unsplash
Silk screen printing
By Nicholas Simth - Personal work
Screen printing (from the Latin sericum silk and the Greek graphein writing) is a printing technique that uses stencils (originally silk screens) interposed between the ink and the support.
The supports used can be varied (paper, cardboard, textile, metal, glass, wood, etc.). The strong Chinese emigration to the United States in the 19th century marked the entry of silkscreen printing into the modern era and favoured its development on the other side of the Atlantic. The craze was immediate and the technique was modernized under the impetus of a very efficient American industry. The squeegee superseded the roller for ink application, and nylon replaced silk as a screen. Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein devoted themselves to this technique without moderation and gave it its letters of nobility. - Wikipedia
How to recognize a silkscreen print ?
With a simple magnifying glass (thread counter): no screen is visible, the colour is arranged in "solid". It is possible to detect a silkscreen print: if you look at the edge of a printed line, and you can see slight zigzag hatching, then you are most likely looking at a silkscreen print. The defect observed is the sawtooth, an imperfection caused by the mesh of the screen fabric during printing.
Linocutting is a technique of engraving in savings size (a technique consisting of removing the blanks or "reserves" from the final result, the ink settling on the non-removed parts, therefore in relief, the paper pressed on the plate keeping the ink imprint1), close to woodcutting, and is practiced on a particular material, linoleum.
Linocutting is a relatively young engraving method: linoleum appeared in England in 1863.
Originally used to cover floors, it was only in 1900 that it was diverted to engraving.
By Angelina Litvin - Unsplash
Artists and linocutting
Linocut has the advantage of speed of execution and flexibility of use; but some renowned artists use it, or have used it, for other purposes (plasticity, embossing of paper previously wetted, small print runs). Others have masterfully used this technique, which has become affordable for an art committed to the service of the people: the Taller de Grafica Popular, in Mexico, since its creation in 1937, including artists such as Leopoldo Mendez. Vivien Johnson also notes its practice in the art of the Australian Aborigines, notably with Gabriella Possum Nungurrayi. - Wikipedia
Subligraphy is a technology for reproducing very high quality images on hard materials primed with a polyester varnish. The visual impact of the "sublimated" images on aluminium plates with a white background in matt or gloss finish is striking! An emotion never seen before in the field of artwork production is thus revealed to those who contemplate a SubliGraphie. Subligraphy as a concept makes it possible to produce unique or limited edition works of art while benefiting from a label framed by very strict technical and ethical guidelines. Subligraphy thus guarantees an unquestionable artistic value to the work produced.
The technical process used by the Subligraphy label
Subligraphy is only understood when precise technical criteria are applied. It is a necessary insurance to benefit from the best quality. It is necessary to have :
selected materials :
- - Aluminium plates, white background, with matt or glossy varnish, Subligraphy certifiede.
- - Wooden plates (medium), white background, with matt or glossy varnish, Subligraphy certified.
printers and Subligraphy certified inks :
- - Epson printers with Subligraphy ink.
of Subligraphie-certified hot presses :
- - It is essential to be accompanied by a Subligraphie-certified integrator when launching your production.
- - This integration includes the method and technical keys for high quality work as well as the implementation of quality control.
authenticity of the process :
- - The Subligraphie® logo must be sublimated on the back of the support..
- - In the case of a limited edition, the safety cartridge, which is the counterpart of the certificate of authenticity, must be sublimated on the back of the work. In addition to the Subligraphie® logo, the cartridge must include the work's identifier, title, date and author's name.